Word Nerd: Take a Lode Off

inigo-load

Today’s Word Nerd installment is a somewhat rare type, where a common word and an old and obscure one share the same origin, and the old word only survives because it’s used in a common phrase.

Load
As a noun, anything put in or on something for transport; freight; cargo; the amount that can be carried at one time; a burden.

As a verb, the act of placing freight or cargo into a transport; packing.

Lode
A vein or deposit, usually of a metallic ore; a rich supply or source

If not for the phrases “mother lode” and “lodestone” (magnetite, a naturally-occurring magnetic mineral used in making early compasses, “lodestone” means “journey stone”) lode would be a long-forgotten archaic word.

wordnerd-motherLoad originates in the 1200s, from the Old English lad “way, course, carrying,” which originates from Proto-Indo-European (PIE) *leit- “to go forth.” The words lead and leader originate from the same source.

Lode is the original Middle English spelling of load and carries most of the original meaning of “way, course, carrying.” The two words separated in meaning around 1600. The mining sense of “a vein of metal ore” is from around 1600, from the idea of miners “following” it through the rock.

A “mother lode” is a particularly rich deposit, and by extension, any abundant supply of a material.

A “mother load” is the load of stuff a mother ends up carrying; the diaper bag, toys, pacifier, blanket, and whatever else she thinks she might need.

This is Word Nerd #63; you can find all the Word Nerd installments in the Word Nerd Index.

Jim MacQuarrie is a comics and animation geek, a professional cartoonist and graphic designer, professional balloon animal twister, a certified archery instructor (and yes, his arrows are green), former homeless person and occasional gadfly. He has three children who are all grown up, and an incredibly patient wife who is waiting for him to do likewise. Together they co-write the lifestyle blog Blue Collar, Black Tie.