Belfort: Dwarves and Elves and Gnomes, Oh My!

Geek Culture

Playing Belfort

Getting started on a 5-player game of Belfort. Photo: Jonathan Liu

Belfort boxOverview: The good news is: you’ve been hired to supervise the construction of the new castle. The bad news is: due to a clerical error, you’re not the only one. And since there’s only one key to the city (purely ceremonial), the king has decided to just award it to the one who shows the most promise by winter. Welcome to Belfort.

Players: 2 to 5

Ages: 13 and up

Playing Time: 90-120 minutes

Retail: $59.95

Rating: Fun, funny, but can be a bit long.

Who Will Like It? It’s a combination of worker placement, resource management, and building, so it’s a bit like Agricola but with a construction theme instead of harvesting. Players who enjoy those types of mechanics will probably like this one.

Belfort Board

The resource-collection board and the 5-district castle of Belfort. Photo: Jonathan Liu


Belfort is a game that could have been very dry and serious, but the designers have injected some humor into it, which I think is a great idea. Instead of just regular workers — lumberjacks and stonecutters, for instance — you get elves to collect wood and dwarves to collect stone. Gnomes staff your buildings and unlock special actions; elves get upgraded at the gardens and dwarves get upgraded at the pub.

The theme carries over into the graphic design of the game as well, which is colorful and cheery without being overly cutesy. There’s a board that holds the turn tracker, gnomes supply and the cards, and it’s made to look like a clipboard, with various flavor text that isn’t entirely necessary but is a nice feature. The rulebook itself is made to look like a heavy bound book, and has a good mix of humorous asides without getting in the way of, you know, actually learning how to play the game.

Baggies included, yay! Stickers to apply, boo! Photo: Jonathan Liu


There’s a lot of stuff in this box, including lots of cardboard and several large boards. Here’s what’s inside:

  • 5 gameboard districts (which make up a large pentagon)
  • calendar board – tracks the rounds, plus storage area for gnomes and property cards
  • key to the city – purely symbolic
  • collection board – for collecting resources
  • 5 turn order crests
  • 1 wooden calendar marker
  • 50 property cards
  • 5 player boards – these show turn summaries, building costs, and scoring
  • 12 guild tiles – 5 are used in each game
  • 30 logs, 30 “stone” blocks, 30 “metal” ingots, 46 gold coins (cardboard chits)
  • 6 multiplier chips
  • 35 dwarves, 35 elves, 22 gnomes (wooden squares, circles, and pentagons)
  • 60 property markers (wooden houses)
  • 5 scoring markers

You’ll notice from the photo above that it’s a huge pile of wooden bits, and you’ll have to put stickers on all the dwarves, elves, and gnomes. I guess that’s a way to keep costs down — and I’ve been seeing it in more games lately — but it does take a while to put all those stickers on. (And be sure to pay attention to the instructions about Master Elves and Master Dwarves or you may end up putting the stickers on incorrectly.)

All of the boards are nice sturdy cardboard, and all but the districts have rounded corners. The artwork is excellent and fairly easy to understand once you’ve started learning to play the game.

Belfort player board

Belfort player board showing turn order, scoring, and building costs. Resources are organized along the edges.

The game will take up a lot of space. For one thing, you’ll notice the player board above: it’s fairly big so you can have all the various information, but it may not have been entirely necessary. The idea is that you put all of your resources along the sides of the player board (not actually on it); it may have saved more space just to have a double-sided card and let everyone just pile their stuff in front of them, which is kind of what happens anyway.

The cards are all good quality, and have simple, easy-to-read icons on them. One word about the wooden bits: It is pretty cool to have bits that look like wooden logs, stone blocks, and metal ingots (they’re even painted silver!), but it turns out that little skinny logs and the trapezoidal ingots are kind of hard to pick up. They look awesome, but cubes might have been more practical.

One nice touch: little plastic baggies were included for the bits. It’s great because you can keep things organized and make it easier to set up when you play.


The district boards are set up to form Belfort — the boards are identical except for the scoring track around the perimeter, so you set it up so that’s showing in the correct order. You’ll randomly choose five of the twelve guilds and place one on each district on the guild spot. (There are rules for what types to use for beginner, normal, and advanced games: Resource guilds provide resources, Basic guilds grant useful abilities, and Interactive guilds allow you to steal things from other players.)

Belfort Guilds

A few of the guilds: Resource, Basic, and Interactive

Each player starts with three dwarves and three elves, and the rest go into a supply pile. Turn order crests are distributed at random, and placed on the player boards. Each player gets five property cards, keeps three and discards the other two. The number of gnomes put into the stockpile depends on the number of players.

The game is played over the course of seven rounds, and scoring takes place three times during the game. The goal is to accumulate the most points by the end of the game through building and having the most workers.

During each round, players take turn placing their elves and dwarves onto “planks” around the playing area: there are planks by each guild, on some of the building cards, and on the collection board. Putting a worker on a plank will allow you to take the associated action later in the game, which could be getting resources, recruiting more workers from the supply, drawing cards, and so on. There’s also a “King’s Camp” area which allows you to swap turn order crests with another player.

Once there are no other planks you wish to use (or they’re all taken), then you send the rest of your workers to collect resources: elves can collect wood, dwarves can collect stone, an elf-dwarf team can collect metal, and any of them can collect gold coins. After everyone has placed all of their workers, the collection phase begins.

Each player takes the number of resources (wood, stone, metal, gold) indicated by the number of workers collecting them. However, if there is a player who has more workers than any other player, they get a bonus of that particular resource.

Belfort property cards

A sampling of the property cards.

Everyone collects income for income coins on properties they have built. (The Pub, Bank, and Gardens shown above have an income coin in the top right corner.) Then you have to pay taxes, which are based on your current score: the higher your score, the more taxes you pay. (If you can’t afford taxes, you lose points!)

Once that’s done, players use all of their actions by retrieving their workers from the planks and taking the corresponding actions. This is also where you can build properties by paying the resources from your own supply. Whenever you build a building, you put the card in front of you, and then place one of your property markers on the district boards. Each district has one of each type of building, so you have to choose where to build it.

You can also hire gnomes (which go on the “locks” on the buildings to unlock those abilities or planks). You can visit the trading post once to sell and buy goods at a lower rate, and then once you’re all done you can choose to buy one property card.

Three times during the game (rounds three, five, and seven) there will be a scoring phase. You get points for having the most buildings in a district (there are fewer points for second and third place), and for having the most dwarves, elves, or gnomes. This is the crucial part of the game: when you go to build something, you need to decide whether to put a lot of buildings in fewer districts, solidifying your hold on those, or to put a few buildings in a lot of districts, spreading around your influence and hoping to score a little less in several places. Likewise, as you collect new workers, you can decide whether to go for a whole bunch of one type, making it harder for opponents to catch up, or to go for something more well-rounded, which might get you the second-place score.

The game ends after the seventh round, and whoever has the most points wins. (Ties go to the player with most resources.)

In a two-player game, there are some alternate rules, and each player will have limited control over a “Non-Player” that will compete for majorities in the districts. After the Actions phase, the NPs will each draw a card and place a property marker on that type of building. Scoring works as in a 4-player game.


I like worker-placement games, so Belfort is a fun one for me. It does take a bit of explaining the first time you play it, and I noticed later that we still got a few rules wrong. It does ramp up nicely, though: at the beginning, when nobody has built anything yet, there simply aren’t very many places to send workers: basically to the guilds and to recruit more workers. So the placement phase goes fairly quickly, and most of the workers are just collecting resources.

As the game progresses, though, and everyone has buildings and more workers, the turns get longer and longer. If you have somebody who suffers from analysis paralysis, this game will take forever. You take turns placing one worker each, but the Actions phase is done by each player all at once. That’s the part of the game that can feel sluggish, when you’re waiting for four other players to do all of their actions.

Still, I think it’s definitely a game that allows for some interesting decisions, and it’s a matter of making the most of the actions available to you. Since each “plank” can only be occupied by one person, and each building can only be built once in each district, it’s a balance between taking what you need and taking what your opponent wants. Sometimes you have to build something less optimal simply because the district where you want to be is limited in what’s left.

With the different guilds to choose from, it will be a game that is slightly different each time, and the Interactive guilds give you the option of adding a lot more backstabbing into the mix if you like that sort of thing. Although there are two-player rules, I would recommend this more as a three- to five-player game simply because it removes the Non-Players from the equation.

If you like worker-placement, this is certainly worth checking out. It’s fairly complex so I probably wouldn’t go much younger than the recommended “13 and up,” but for your older kids and adults Belfort can be a pretty intense competition.

Wired: Excellent components with gorgeous artwork; fun humor; lots of tough decisions to make.

Tired: Takes up more space than it absolutely needs to; tough decisions can lead to long downtime between turns.

Disclosure: GeekDad received a review copy of this game.

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